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Words for today
1.symbol (piśmienny, matematyczny, muzyczny, chemiczny)
◦Can you read these symbols? (Możesz odczytać te symbole?)
Definition : a hotel, usually close to a major highway
◦He booked a room at a motel. (On zarezerwował pokój w motelu.)
◦The motel was old, but well maintained. (Motel był stary, ale dobrze utrzymany.)
◦We checked into a roadside motel. (Zameldowaliśmy się w przydrożnym motelu
We meet in the motel.
(Used of persons or behavior) characterized by or indicative of lack of generosity.
Synonyms: mingy, tight, mean
Usage: The necessity of disbursing passage money for all his tribe seemed to disturb him in a manner that was the more striking because otherwise he gave no signs of a miserly disposition.
Formy nieregularne: past tense clung, past participle clung
1.kurczowo trzymać się, uczepić się (w sensie fizycznym)
2.uparcie trwać przy czymś, uchwycić się czegoś (w sensie emocjonalnym)
3.czepić się czegoś, przylgnąć, przylegać
Here are two examples of potential use:
Ex 1.: The child is extremely shy and always keeps clinging to its mother.
Ex 2.: He still clings to the belief that his wife is alive. It seems that he's losing his mind.
Phrasal Verb of the day
put on (2)
Meaning: to make an appliance or a piece of equipment start to function
Nouns often used as objects with
put on (2): light, TV, radio, heater, air conditioner, kettle, fan, music
If someone knocks on the front door at night, the first thing you should do is put on
1.AmE informal kawał, nabranie kogoś
put sb on
1.AmE spoken żartować sobie z kogoś
2.podawać kogoś (do telefonu), połączyć z kimś (telefonicznie)
put sth on
1.założyć coś, nałożyć coś (o ubraniu)
◦He put on a sweater and trousers. (On założył sweter i spodnie.)
2.nakładać (krem, makijaż)
4.nakładać (np. podatek)
6.załączyć (np. płytę CD), puścić (kasetę)
7.przybierać (pozę, minę), udawać
8.przygotowywać, wystawiać (sztukę)
9.przedstawiać, pokazywać (na co cię stać)
10.nastawiać (np. wodę na makaron)
11.BrE dostarczać (specjalnych usług), dodawać (np. dodatkowy usługę)
12.wkładać coś na siebie
13.nakładać coś (np. krem na twarz)
14.włączać coś (np. światło, urządzenie)
15.puszczać coś (np. płytę)
16.przedstawiać coś, prezentować coś
17.organizować coś, wystawiać coś (np. sztukę)
18.stawiać coś (do gotowania)
Idiom of the day
Zip it! Informal
Meaning: If someone says "Zip it!", they're telling you to shut up or stop talking about something.
If you tell someone to "Zip it!", you want them to
Slang of the day
Meaning: an exclamation used to express anger
If someone says "Screw it!" they are probably feeling
2.taboo rżnięcie się (uprawianie seksu)
3.BrE informal klawisz (strażnik więzienny)
3.taboo rżnąć się (uprawiać seks)
4.informal okantować, oszukać
1.spoken pieprzyć kogoś, do diabła z kimś
screw , screw up *
Saying of the day
All cats are grey in the dark
Possible interpretation: The implication is that beauty, or physical appearance, is unimportant.
Note: grey (BrE), gray (AmE) (adj.) = a colour between black and white | the dark (noun) = the absence of light in a place; darkness
The saying "All cats are grey in the dark" suggests that a pleasing physical appearance is
Proverbs for today
"Opportunity makes a thief."
“A short horse is soon curried”
1.przyprawiony na ostro
“A slice off a cut loaf isn’t missed.”
“A shut mouth catches no flies.”
Give sb an inch and they'll take a yard , give sb an inch and they'll take a mile
1.daj komuś palec, a weźmie całą rękę
Quotes for today
“Give a smile to everyone you meet (smile with your eyes)- and you'll smile and receive smiles"
“Involvement with people is always a very delicate thing - it requires real maturity to become involved and not get all messed up.”
Sir Winston Churchill
“Dictators ride to and fro upon tigers which they dare not dismount. And the tigers are getting hungry.”
"When you are courting a nice girl an hour seems like a second. When you sit on a red-hot cinder a second seems like an hour. That's relativity. "
W. Somerset Maugham (1874-1965)
“You are not angry with people when you laugh at them. Humor teaches tolerance.”
Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) Italian philosopher, writer and politician
“I desire to go to Hell and not to Heaven.”
"I desire to go to Hell and not to Heaven. In the former I shall enjoy the company of popes, kings and princes, while in the latter are only beggars, monks and apostles."
desire (verb): want, wish
Hell (noun): in various religions the place where bad people go after death to be punished; the home of the Devil
Heaven (noun): in various religions the place where good people go after death; the home of God
the former: the first of two previously mentioned things (Hell)
enjoy (verb): have and benefit from
pope (noun): the head of the Roman Catholic Church
the latter: the second of two previously mentioned things (Heaven)
beggar (noun): a homeless person who asks for money on the street
apostle (noun): a Christian teacher; a missionary
Jokes for today
A Man was walking down a street when he heard a voice from behind, 'If you take one more step, a brick will fall down on your head and kill you.'
The man stopped and a big brick fell right in front of him.
The man was astonished.
He went on, and after a while he was going to cross the road. Once again the voice shouted, 'Stop! Stand still! If you take one more step a car will run over you, and you will die.'
The man did as he was instructed, just as a car came careening around the corner, barely missing him.
The man asked. 'Who are you?'
'I am your guardian angel,' the voice answered.
'Oh, yeah?' the man asked 'And where the hell were you when I got married?'
Questions and answers
Q: How do you know if the head chef is a clown?
A: When the food tastes funny.
A man was in a bad accident and was injured. But the only permanent damage he suffered was the loss of both ears, which made him very self-conscious. However, he received a large sum of money from his insurance company.
It was always his dream to own his own business, so he went out and purchased a small, but expanding computer firm. But he realized that he had no business knowledge at all, so he decided that he would have to hire someone to run the business. He picked out three top candidates, and interviewed each of them. The last question of the interview was always the same.
`Do you notice anything unusual about me?` he asked the first candidate.
`Yes. You have no ears.`
He quickly eliminated the first candidate.
`Do you notice anything unusual about me?` he asked the second candidate.
`Yes. You have no ears.`
He quickly eliminated the second candidate.
`Do you notice anything unusual about me?` he asked the third candidate.
`Yes. You`re wearing contacts.`
Thinking he had found the man for the job he said, `That`s correct. How did you know?`
`You can`t wear glasses if you don`t have any freakin` ears.`
A little boy says: Daddy, how was I born?
DAD says: Ah, my son. I guess one day you will need to find out anyway! Well, you see, your Mom and I first got together in a chat room on MSN. Then I set up a date via e-mail with your mom and we met at a cyber-cafe.
We sneaked into a secluded room, where your mother agreed to a download from my hard drive.
As soon as I was ready to upload, we discovered that neither one of us had used a firewall, and since it was too late to hit the delete button, nine months later a blessed popup appeared and said: You've Got Male!
Adam was walking around the garden of Eden, moping.
God asked him, `What is wrong with you?`
Adam replied that he was lonely and didn`t have anyone to talk to.
God said that He was going to make Adam a companion and that it would be a woman. He said, `This person will gather food for you, cook for you, and when you discover clothing, she will wash it for you. She will always agree with every decision you make. She will bear your children and never ask you to get up in the middle of the night to take care of them. She will not nag you and will always be the first to admit she was wrong when you`ve had a disagreement. She will never have a headache and will freely give you love and passion whenever you need it.
Adam asked God, `What will this woman cost?`
God replied, `An arm and a leg.`
Adam thought a moment and asked, `What can I get for a rib?`
1.być przygnębionym, być nie w humorze
◦When you are hungry you start nagging. (Kiedy jesteś głodny zaczynasz zrzędzić.)
◦I can't stand his nagging about his job. (Nie mogę znieść zrzędzenia na temat jego pracy.)
2.dręczyć, dokuczać (np. problem, zmartwienie)
◦This issue has been nagging me for weeks. (Ten problem męczy mnie od tygodni.)
◦You're not only a nuisance but also a nag. (Jesteś nie tylko utrapieniem, ale i zrzędą.)
2.old-fashioned szkapa, chabeta
◦It seems this nag hasn't been fed for ages. (Wygląda na to, że ta szkapa nie była karmiona od wieków.)
an arm and a leg
An excessively high price: a cruise that cost an arm and a leg.
◦This Chinese restaurant makes good ribs. (Ta chińska restauracja robi dobre żeberka.)
◦I had one of my ribs removed. (Miałem usunięte jedno żebro.)
◦The ribs protect our lungs and heart. (Żebra chronią płuca i serce.)
3.technical żebro (element wzmacniający konstrukcji nadwozia pojazdu)
1.informal wyśmiewać się, dokuczać
synonimy: needle, tease
Good ... Bad ... and Worse
Bad: You can't find your vibrator. Worse: Your daughter "borrowed" it.
Bad: You find a porn movie in your son's room. Worse: You're in it.
Bad: Your children are sexually active. Worse: With each other.
Bad: Your husband's a crossdresser. Worse: He looks better than you.
Bad: Your son's involved in Satanism. Worse: As a sacrifice.
Bad: Your wife wants a divorce. Worse: She's a lawyer.
Bad: Your wife's leaving you. Worse: For another woman.
Bad: Your wife's leaving you. Worse: To enter a convent.
Bad: Your wife's arrested for soliciting. Worse: She implicates you.
1.formal dopraszać (się czegoś), zabiegać (o coś), nagabywać (kogoś o coś)
2.AmE sprzedawać (coś)
◦Door-to-door soliciting is prohibited here. (Sprzedawanie "od drzwi do drzwi" jest tu zabronione.)
3.proponować seks, uprawiać nierząd
◦She was arrested for soliciting. (Ona była aresztowana za uprawianie nierządu.)
1.wplątać, wciągnąć, zamieszać, uwikłać (kogoś w coś)
2.formal pociągać za sobą, wskazywać, implikować
Good: Hot outdoor sex. Bad: You're arrested. Worse: By your husband.
Good: The postman's early. Bad: He's wearing camo and has an AK-47.
Good: The secretary said "yes." Bad: Your wife says "no."
Good: The teacher likes your son. Bad: Sexually. Worse: He's gay.
Good: You came home for a quickie. Bad: So did the postman.
Good: You came home for a quickie. Bad: Your wife walks in.
Good: You get a three-day weekend. Bad: You get the flu on Friday.
Good: You get tickets to the theatre. Bad: It's performance art.
Good: You go to see a strip show. Bad: Your daughter's the headliner. Worse: She turns you on.
Good: Your boyfriend's exercising. Bad: So he'll fit into your clothes.
Good: Your car conveniently "runs out of gas." Bad: For real.
Good: Your child's "waiting for Mr. Right". Bad: Your son, that is.
Good: Your daughter's on the Pill. Bad: She's eleven.
Good: Your neighbor exercises in the nude. Bad: He weighs 350 pounds.
Good: Your son's doing extra credit work. Bad: Making a sex ed video.
Good: Your uncle leaves you a fortune. Bad: He was a counterfeiter.
Good: Your wife bought a porn video. Bad: Your daughter's the star. Worse: She's a lot better in bed than your wife.
Good: Your wife likes outdoor sex. Bad: You live downtown.
Good: Your wife meets you at the door nude. Bad: She's on her way in. Worse: there's a big group of guys behind her.
Good: Your wife's kinky. Bad: With the neighbors. Worse: All of them.
1.gwóźdź programu (na koncercie)
1.na korzystnych warunkach, na dogodnych warunkach
3.niby przypadkiem (używane pejoratywnie)
in the nude , naked **
◦He had never gone swimming in the nude before. (On nigdy wcześniej nie był pływać nago.)
◦She looked as if she'd sunbathed in the nude and stayed out too long. (Ona wyglądała, jakby opalała się nago i została zbyt długo na słońcu
1.perwersyjny, dziwaczny, udziwniony
1.włączać (światło), odkręcać (kurek), uruchamiać (urządzenie)
1.podnieta (na tle seksualnym)
1.zachęta (do czegoś), atrakcja
◦The new Toyota is a real turn-on for car lovers. (Nowa Toyota to prawdziwa atrakcja dla wielbicieli samochodów.)
turn sb on
2.interesować kogoś, zainteresować kogoś
turn sth on
◦Could you turn on the light, please? (Czy możesz proszę włączyć światło?)
synonim: switch sth on
turn sth on sth
1.odwrócić coś na czymś
turn on sb , turn upon sb
1.skoczyć na kogoś, zaatakować kogoś (słownie)
turn on sth , turn upon sth
1.zależeć od czegoś
This day in history Feb 20
Ireland allows sale of contraceptives, 1985
Postal Service Act regulates United States Post Office Department, 1792
Kramer on "Seinfeld" adopts a highway, 1997
Battle of Olustee, 1864
SEATO disbands, 1976
Atlanta Constitution editor is kidnapped, 1974
Rhode Island nightclub burns, 2003
American colonists practice scalping, 1725
An American orbits earth, 1962
Chunnel plans announced, 1986
John Singleton nominated for Best Director Oscar, 1992
Dylan Thomas arrives in New York, 1950
Fire engulfs nightclub during Great White show, 2003
Ansel Adams is born, 1902
George Washington signs the Postal Service Act, 1792
Tara Lipinski becomes youngest Olympic figure skating gold medalist, 1998
Hearings begin on American policy in Vietnam, 1968
World War I
Amir of Afghanistan is assassinated, 1919
World War II
Pilot O'Hare becomes first American WWII flying ace, 1942
Feb 20, 1985:
Ireland allows sale of contraceptives
In a highly controversial vote on February 20, 1985, the Irish government defies the powerful Catholic Church and approves the sale of contraceptives.
Up until 1979, Irish law prohibited the importation and sale of contraceptives. In a 1973 case, McGee v. The Attorney General, the Irish Supreme Court found that a constitutional right to marital privacy covered the use of contraceptives. Pressured by strong conservative forces in Irish society, particularly the Roman Catholic Church, the government was slow to change the law to reflect the court's decision, and a number of proposed bills failed before reaching the books.
In 1979, the Irish health minister, Charles Haughey, introduced a bill limiting the legal provision of contraceptives to "bona fide family planning purposes." Signed into law in November 1980, the Health (Family Planning) Act ensured that contraceptives could be sold by a registered pharmacist to customers with a valid medical prescription. Still, many people saw the law as too strict. Over the next several years, a movement began to make contraceptives more easily available, causing bitter divisions inside and outside of the Dail, Ireland's main house of Parliament.
As the government debated the changes, Catholic Church leaders railed against them, warning that increased access to contraceptives would encourage the moral decay of Ireland, leading to more illegitimate children and increased rates of abortion and venereal disease. On the eve of the vote in early 1985, the Dublin archbishop claimed the legislation would send Ireland down a "slippery slope of moral degradation." Some politicians were even threatened with violence if they voted for the legislation.
On February 20, 1985, a coalition of the Fine Gael and Labour parties led by Dr. Garret FitzGerald defeated the opposition of the conservative Fianna Fail party by an 83-80 vote. The new legislation made non-medical contraceptives (condoms and spermicides) available without prescriptions to people over 18 at pharmacies; it also allowed for the distribution of these contraceptives at doctors' offices, hospitals and family planning clinics. Though it was still illegal to advertise contraceptives and use of the birth control pill remained restricted, the vote marked a major turning point in Irish history--the first-ever defeat of the Catholic Church in a head-to-head battle with the government on social legislation.
Feb. 20 The Barber of Seville's Disastrous Debut (1816)
In 1816, Italian composer Gioacchino Rossini produced The Barber of Seville, based on the comedy by French playwright Pierre Beaumarchais. Though Rossini created much of the opera's music in just weeks, it resounds with his brilliant arias, ensemble numbers, and famous crescendos. Still, several on-stage accidents and constant jeers from the audience, likely spurred by supporters of one of Rossini's rivals, made its debut in Rome a disaster. What happened during the second performance? More...
The Barber of Seville Gioachino Rossini
The Barber of Seville, or The Useless Precaution (Il barbiere di Siviglia, ossia L'inutile precauzione) is an opera buffa in two acts by Gioachino Rossini with a libretto by Cesare Sterbini. The libretto was based on Pierre Beaumarchais's comedy Le Barbier de Séville (1775), which was originally an opéra comique, or a mixture of spoken play with music. The première (under the title Almaviva, or the Useless Precaution) took place on 20 February 1816, at the Teatro Argentina, Rome. It was one of the earliest Italian operas to be performed in America and premiered at the Park Theater in New York City on 29 November 1825. Rossini’s Barber has proven to be one of the greatest masterpieces of comedy within music, and has been described as the opera buffa of all opere buffe; even after two hundred years, its popularity on the modern opera stage attests to that greatness.
Composition historyAn opera based on the play had previously been composed by Giovanni Paisiello, and another was composed in 1796 by Nicolas Isouard. Though the work of Paisiello triumphed for a time, Rossini's later version alone has stood the test of time and continues to be a mainstay of operatic repertoire.
Rossini's opera follows the first of the plays from the Figaro trilogy, by French playwright Pierre Beaumarchais, while Mozart's opera Le nozze di Figaro, composed 30 years earlier in 1786, is based on the second part of the Beaumarchais trilogy. The original Beaumarchais version was first performed in 1775, in Paris at the Comédie-Française at the Tuileries Palace.
Rossini was well known for being remarkably productive, completing an average of two operas per year for 19 years, and in some years writing as many as four. Musicologists believe that, true to form, the music for Il Barbiere di Siviglia was composed in just under three weeks, although some of the themes in the famous overture were actually borrowed from two earlier Rossini operas, Aureliano in Palmira and Elisabetta, regina d'Inghilterra.
Barbiere's first performance on February 20, 1816 was a disastrous failure: the audience hissed and jeered throughout, and several on-stage accidents occurred. However, many of the audience were supporters of one of Rossini's rivals, Giovanni Paisiello, who played on "mob mentality" to provoke the rest of the audience to dislike the opera. Paisiello had already composed The Barber of Seville and took Rossini's new version to be an affront to his version. In particular, Paisiello and his followers were opposed to the use of basso buffa, which is common in comic opera. The second performance met with quite a different fate, becoming a roaring success. It is curious to note that the original French play of Le Barbier de Séville endured a similar story, hated at first only to become a favorite within a week.