Miami Dade College psy 2012 – Summer 2009 Exam # 4 – Form 4 Chapters 12-15 Dr. Mayte Insua-Auais




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Miami Dade College
PSY 2012 – Summer 2009
Exam # 4 – Form 4
Chapters 12-15
Dr. Mayte Insua-Auais


Directions: Read each question carefully. Using a #2 pencil, select the best answer to each question and then, transfer your answer onto your Scantron sheet. This exam is due on Wednesday, July 29, 2009 at 10:25 AM. If you have any questions, you may contact me via e-mail at minsuaau@mdc.edu. Good Luck!


1.

Leslie is concerned about the environment and consistently sorts her garbage by placing paper, plastic, metal, and glass in their respective recycling containers. This example best illustrates the _____ component of attitudes.

A)

cognitive

B)

emotional

C)

biological

D)

behavioral




2.

When Justine made an oral presentation in class, Meagan joined her classmates in applauding at the end, even though she did not think the presentation was very clear or well organized. Meagan's behavior in this example illustrates:

A)

deindividuation.

B)

obedience.

C)

conformity.

D)

social loafing.




3.

After carefully considering the pros and cons of each college that had accepted him for admission, Conner decided to attend Blackwater State College. The next day, Conner discovered that three of his closest friends had also decided to attend Blackwater State College. In this example, Conner's behavior:

A)

is an example of conformity to the majority opinion.

B)

is the result of normative social influence.

C)

is likely to produce strong feelings of cognitive dissonance.

D)

does not reflect conformity.




4.

Several of the people ahead of Kyle in the checkout line at the cafeteria put loose change in a charitable donation box. According to your textbook:

A)

it is very unlikely that Kyle will make a donation too.

B)

the helping behavior of others has no influence on personal helping behavior.

C)

it is quite probable that Kyle will make a donation too.

D)

Kyle will only make a donation in this situation if he is in a bad mood.




5.

_____ refers to the mental processes we use to form judgments and draw conclusions about the characteristics and motives of others.

A)

Person perception

B)

Social facilitation

C)

Social influence

D)

The bystander effect




6.

_____ is any behavior that helps another person, whether the underlying motive is self-serving or selfless.

A)

Deindividuation

B)

Prosocial behavior

C)

Altruism

D)

Ethnocentrism




7.

Following the questionable police killing of a young man, thousands of concerned citizens assembled and marched in protest. As the darkness of night set in, the rally turned violent as some younger members of the crowd began breaking shop windows, looting merchandise, and overturning cars. Of the people who participated in the violence, the darkness of the night and the size of the crowd probably contributed to their sense of:

A)

cognitive dissonance.

B)

ethnocentrism.

C)

deindividuation.

D)

self-effacing bias.




8.

During Nick's first trip abroad he was surprised to find that people in other cultures ate such foods as snails, squid, insects, lizards, earthworms, seaweed, and rotten-looking cheeses. “One day they will become civilized like us and eat normal foods like Krispy Kreme donuts, pizza, hot dogs, and hamburgers and cheese fries,” he wrote to his parents. Nick's remarks illustrate a form of in-group bias called:

A)

the actor-observer discrepancy.

B)

ethnocentrism.

C)

the bystander effect.

D)

informational social influence.




9.

If Jerome takes part in a replication of Milgram's obedience experiments that involves observing two other “teachers” refusing to continue, it is very likely that Jerome:

A)

will also refuse to continue administering shock at the highest level.

B)

will give more shocks at the highest level to compensate for the two teachers who quit.

C)

will demand to be paid more money for continuing with the experiment.

D)

will report their noncompliance to the experimenter.




10.

People have a strong tendency to perceive others in terms of two basic social categories, which social psychologists call the _____ and the _____.

A)

prosocial group; altruistic group

B)

in-group; out-group

C)

social loafers; social facilitators

D)

bystanders; conformists




11.

Before Mark had even heard the details of how Allison's car accident had happened, he commented, “Allison is so absentminded, I'm sure it happened because she was probably talking on her cell phone and not paying attention.” Mark's response illustrates an attributional pattern called:

A)

blaming the victim.

B)

the self-effacing bias.

C)

the rule of reciprocity.

D)

diffusion of responsibility.




12.

The performance of an action in response to the direct orders of an authority or person of higher status is called:

A)

conformity.

B)

obedience.

C)

deindividuation.

D)

social facilitation.




13.

The Focus on Neuroscience box described an fMRI study in which participants were scanned while looking at photographs of different faces. What were the results of the study?

A)

Limbic system brain structures associated with emotion were activated when participants viewed faces of people who were of a different race than themselves.

B)

Faces of attractive, happy children evoked greater activation in the right hemisphere in female participants than in male participants.

C)

Faces of attractive people looking directly at the viewer activated the ventral striatum, a brain area associated with the expectation of rewards.

D)

The hypothalamus, a brain area associated with sexuality, was activated when participants viewed the face of an attractive person of the opposite sex.




14.

Kidnapped at knifepoint from her bedroom in the middle of the night, 14-year-old Elizabeth Smart was held captive for over nine months by a drifter and his female companion. When police finally found her and the details of her captivity were widely publicized, some observers publicly questioned why the girl never tried to escape or get the attention of the police. Such responses illustrate an attributional pattern called:

A)

deindividuation.

B)

the rule of reciprocity.

C)

blaming the victim.

D)

diffusion of responsibility.




15.

Your textbook suggests that the sheer number of bystanders who observed the death of Kitty Genovese may have been a factor in these people's decision not to give her assistance because of:

A)

ethnocentrism.

B)

the rule of reciprocity.

C)

diffusion of responsibility.

D)

in-group homogeneity effect.




16.

In many collectivistic cultures individuals work harder when they are in groups than when they are alone. This phenomenon is called:

A)

social striving.

B)

the bystander effect.

C)

the modesty bias.

D)

social loafing.




17.

During lunch a group of computer science majors were discussing their choice of field. One student admitted that he had once considered becoming an accountant but decided against it because “accountants are all boring number crunchers without an ounce of creativity.” This statement best reflects the:

A)

out-group homogeneity effect.

B)

fundamental attribution error.

C)

social facilitation effect.

D)

just-world hypothesis.




18.

If you were a subject in Milgram's original obedience experiment, it is very likely that:

A)

you would play the role of the teacher and get to “shock” the learner.

B)

you would play the role of the learner and get “shocked” by the teacher.

C)

you would have an equal chance of being assigned to the role of either teacher or learner.

D)

you would be given a battery of psychological tests to determine whether you were high or low in altruism.
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